The US Intelligence Community Five Year Strategic Human Capital Plan

We find ourselves in a war for talent, often for the most arcane and esoteric of skills, sometimes between ourselves and/or with our own contractors.

This Five Year Strategic Human Capital Plan of June 22nd, 2006 will underpin the Intelligence Communities (IC) ongoing transformation. It is designed to bring more Community-wide coherence and cohesion than ever before to the way IC agencies lead and manage their people. It is designed to promote professional growth. And in keeping with the National Intelligence Strategy’s call for integration and innovation, it is intended to be bold in helping us realize our full potential as a Community.

Educing Information: Interrogation Science and Art

National Defense Intelligence College, Center for Strategic Intelligence Research

Intelligence officers are expected to gain accurate information from detainees or prisoners and thus need to know “what works” in “educing” information through interrogation, strategic debriefing and information elicitation. This book presents the work of 13 specialists in law, psychology, military intelligence, neuroscience, computer science, conflict management and library science. The authors review what is known and not known about educing information. This book is in the hands of many field interrogators, government psychologists and others who train and educate personnel in Educing Information.

Book review by Loch K. Johnson

Bringing Intelligence About: Practitioners Reflect on Best Practices

Joint Military Intelligence College, Center for Strategic Intelligence Research - Russell G. Swenson, Editor.

A Compendium of Analytic Tradecraft Notes

CIAs Directorate of Intelligence has issued a reprinted and revised edition of A Compendium of Analytic Tradecraft Notes, Volume I (Notes 1-10). The Tradecraft Notes have become a standard reference within CIA for practitioners and teachers of intelligence analysis. The revised compendium contains 10 Tradecraft Notes issued to analysts during March-December 1995, plus a new Foreword by John Gannon, Deputy Director for Intelligence. CIA has made this edition of the compendium available to the public to help shed light on how the Directorate of Intelligence meets the daily challenges of providing timely, accurate, and rigorous analysis to intelligence consumers.

Democracy and Democratization: Processes and Prospects in a Changing World (Dilemmas in World Politics) by Georg Sorenson

This book examines the prospects for democracy in the world today and frames the central dilemma confronting all states touched by the process of democratization. The author clarifies the concept of democracy, shows its application in different contexts, and questions whether democratic advancement will continue - and if so, at what price. The consequences of democracy for economic development, human rights, and peaceful relations among countries are illuminated in both their positive and negative aspects.

Man, the State, and War by Kenneth N. Waltz

What are the causes of war? To answer this question, Professor Waltz examines the ideas of major thinkers throughout the history of Western civilization. He explores works both by classic political philosophers, such as St. Augustine, Hobbes, Kant, and Rousseau, and by modern psychologists and anthropologists to discover ideas intended to explain war among states and related prescriptions for peace.

Theory of International Politics

Conversation with Kenneth N. Waltz (Videocast) from UC Berkeley

Making Analysis Relevant: It's More than Connecting the Dots

A white paper prepared by the AFCEA Intelligence Committee

Assisting People to Become Independent Learners in the Analysis of Intelligence by Peter Pirolli

Office of Naval Research

The purpose of this project was to conduct applied research with exemplary technology to support post-graduate instruction in intelligence analysis. The first phase of research used Cognitive Task Analysis (CTA) to understand the nature of subject matter expertise for this domain, as well as leverage points for technology support. Results from the CTA and advice from intelligence analysis instructors at the Naval Postgraduate School lead us to focus on the development of a collaborative computer tool (CACHE) to support a method called the Analysis of Competing Hypotheses (ACH). We first evaluated a non-collaborative version of an ACH tool in an NPS intelligence classroom setting, followed by an evaluation of the collaborative tool, CACHE at NPS. These evaluations, along with similar studies conducted in coordination with NIST and MITRE, suggested that ACH and CACHE can support intelligence activities and mitigate confirmation bias. However, collaborative analysis has a number of trade-offs: it incurs overhead costs, and can mitigate or exacerbate confirmation bias, depending on the mixture of predisposing biases of collaborators.

Policing Toward a De-Clawed Jihad: Antiterrorism Intelligence Techniques for Law Enforcement by Clifford M. Gyves

Naval Postgraduate School, Department of National Security Affairs

This thesis examines intelligence strategies that law enforcement officials may use to combat transnational Islamic terrorism in the United States. Many of the concepts discussed in this thesis come from U.S. Intelligence Community approaches. Others are familiar to both intelligence and law enforcement professionals. The thesis focuses on Islamic terrorism, most notably promoted and conducted by al-Qa eda, though a number of the techniques can apply to other terrorist threats. The religious foundations of Islamic terrorism and the milieu in which it flourishes provides both a strategic and tactical backdrop for what has been cast as a global jihad a violent, worldwide religious campaign with political objectives. The unique ethnic and religious characteristics also present specific challenges for law enforcement intelligence operations, most notably in collecting human intelligence. Processing collected threat intelligence and developing defensive plans require a broad, multi-layered strategy to be successful in meeting the challenges posed by a geographically pervasive terrorist threat. As this thesis argues, local jurisdictions must work in tandem with national-level organs to create an effective system that will identify and prevent potential terrorist operations in the United States.

State and Local Intelligence Fusion Centers: An Evaluative Approach in Modeling a State Fusion Center

Naval PostGraduate School Thesis by Willam A. Forsyth

In the final report on the attacks of September 11, 2001, the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (9/11 Commission) found that the attacks were successful in part because information was not shared and analysis not pooled among the different agencies across all levels of government. Since that time, there have been significant strides to improve cooperation and close the intelligence gaps among the different intelligence and law enforcement services. Effective terrorism prevention, however, requires information and intelligence fusion as a cooperative process at all levels of government so that the flow of intelligence can be managed to support the identification of emerging threats to our homeland.

This thesis explains the value of a state/regional fusion center by examining three successful fusion centers in Arizona, Georgia, and Los Angeles. Recommendations from each agency on "lessons learned" as well as independent research have been provided to help state and local agencies develop their own fusion centers.

Toward a Theory of Intelligence: Workshop Report

RAND Corporation, National Security Research Division

On June 15, 2005, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) in partnership with the RAND Corporation convened a one-day workshop at RAND's Washington, D.C., office to discuss how theories underlie our intelligence work and might lead to a better understanding of intelligence. The Assistant Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Strategy, Plans, and Policy (ADDNI/SPP) had three primary objectives: (1) to begin a series of debates about the future of intelligence writ large (as opposed to just the future of the Intelligence Community or its organizational structure); (2) to lay the intellectual foundations for revolutionary change in the world of intelligence by challenging the continuing validity of our assumptions about it; and (3) to bridge the divide that has long separated intelligence scholars and practitioners. The following issues were discussed: (1) What is intelligence theory? (2) Is there a uniquely American theory of intelligence? (3) Which assumptions about intelligence and intelligence reform are useful, and which should be overturned? (4) Can results from intelligence be measured?

CRS Report for Congress: Homeland Security Intelligence: Perceptions, Statutory Definitions, and Approaches

The term "homeland security intelligence" is heard fairly frequently in the post-9/11 era. The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (hereafter the 9/11 Commission) stated one of the challenges in preventing such attacks is bridging the "foreign-domestic divide". The 9/11 Commission used this term for the divide that it found not only within the Intelligence Community (IC), but also between the agencies of the IC dedicated to the traditional foreign intelligence mission, and those agencies responsible for the homeland security intelligence (HSINT) and law enforcement missions. Some might categorize security intelligence and law enforcement (criminal) intelligence as "non-traditional" intelligence. Yet, the scope and composition of this non-traditional or homeland security intelligence remains somewhat nebulous.

Intelligence Strategy for Fourth Generation Warfare by Edward P. Jamison

USAWC Strategy Research Project whitepaper.

War theorists believe we have entered into a new generation of warfare where an "evolved form of insurgency uses all available networks - political economic social military - to convince the enemy's decision makers that their strategic goals are either unachievable or too costly for the perceived benefit." They have named this new era of war "fourth generation warfare." Currently the Department of Defense's intelligence strategy is designed to defeat conventional adversaries vise a fourth generation warfare opponent. To be successful against a fourth generation warfare opponent the Department of Defense must transform its intelligence efforts. It must shift collection efforts from high-technology to low-technology solutions; redefine intelligence indicators; increase processing and analysis capabilities; and develop more agile dissemination systems. In addition the Department must develop a holistic strategy to fight and win a fourth generation war. This project will discuss the theory of fourth generation warfare and highlight its distinct characteristics. The study then identifies the challenges faced by the intelligence community as a result of this new form a war. Finally recommendations will be provided to enhance intelligence support to the military in their effort to win a fourth generation war.

The Secret Language of Competitive Intelligence by Leonard Fuld

For more than twenty-five years, Leonard Fuld has been developing groundbreaking ways for managers to stay two steps ahead of the competition, providing effective ways of finding out about pricing, new product rollouts, strategic alliances, outsourcing, and cost of operations. In "The Secret Language of Competitive Intelligence" he shows how to take data that is widely avail-able to everyone, think critically about it, and convert it into highly refined intelligence that leads to effective market-based decisions.