See No Evil: The True Story of a Ground Soldier in the CIA's War on Terrorism by Robert Baer

This book is a memoir of one foot soldier’s career in the other cold war, the one against terrorist networks. It’s a story about places most Americans will never travel to, about people many Americans would prefer to think we don’t need to do business with.

This memoir, I hope, will show the reader how spying is supposed to work, where the CIA lost its way, and how we can bring it back again. But I hope this book will accomplish one more purpose as well: I hope it will show why I am angry about what happened to the CIA. And I want to show why every American and everyone who cares about the preservation of this country should be angry and alarmed, too.

The CIA was systematically destroyed by political correctness, by petty Beltway wars, by careerism, and much more. At a time when terrorist threats were compounding globally, the agency that should have been monitoring them was being scrubbed clean instead. Americans were making too much money to bother. Life was good. The White House and the National Security Council became cathedrals of commerce where the interests of big business outweighed the interests of protecting American citizens at home and abroad. Defanged and dispirited, the CIA went along for the ride. And then on September 11, 2001, the reckoning for such vast carelessness was presented for all the world to see.

SOF OSINT Handbook by Robert D Steele

FMI 2-22.9 Open Source Intelligence

OSINT Quick Links Handbook

The New Craft of Intelligence: Personal, Public, & Political by Robert D Steele

Robert David Steele is a 25-year veteran of the U.S. national security community. He has been a clandestine case officer in three foreign countries, helped program funds for imagery satellites, carried out tactical operations in support of strategic signals intelligence programs and founded the Marine Corps Intelligence Center (now Command). He and his small company have been featured in Year in Computers (2000) and the writings of Alvin Toffler, among others. Steele is the founder of Open Source Solutions, Inc., which sponsors an annual conference for intelligence professionals from all walks of life and all countries of the world, and recently founded the Council on Intelligence as a public advocacy forum.

The New Craft of Intelligence: Achieving Asymmetric Advantage in the Face of Nontraditional Threats by Robert D Steele

This monograph is the third in the Strategic Studies Institute's "Studies in Asymmetry" Series. In it, the author examines two paradigm shifts--one in relation to the threat and a second in relation to intelligence methods-- while offering a new model for threat analysis and a new model for intelligence operations in support to policy, acquisition, and command engaged in nontraditional asymmetric warfare. He concludes with an examination of the Revolution in Military Affairs and the need for a Revolution in Intelligence Affairs.

OSINT Familiarization Documents

IO Classic Reference on Discovering & Understanding Elites

Analytic Competencies by David Moore

Combined Enterprise Regional Information Exchange System (CENTRIXS)

The joint Combatant Commanders require responsive information exchange between combined forces and the joint combatant commands region-to-region for global operations. In a concerted endeavor, the combatant commands (COCOMs) and the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Networks and Information Integration (ASD[NII])CENTRIXS Program Office(CPMO)are building a common global multinational information sharing enterprise called CENTRIXS; Combined Enterprise Regional Information Exchange System.

CENTRIXS is the premier network for coalition interoperability in support of military operations. Ongoing coalition operations continue to test and prove the viability of the CENTRIXS enterprise. Information flow to coalition partners via the multiple versions of CENTRIXS networks achieved unprecedented volume and continues to expand. CENTRIXS dissemination capabilities must become even more robust as the trend to move more command and control operations to the coalition networks continues.

NATO Open Source Intelligence Handbook


  • NATO Open Source Intelligence Reader

  • Intelligence Exploitation of the Internet
  • The Thinker's Toolkit: 14 Powerful Techniques for Problem Solving by Morgan D Jones

    An invaluable resource for any manager or professional, this book offers a collection of proven, practical methods for simplifying any problem and making faster, better decisions every time.

    Morgan D Jones discovered the analytical techniques used in the Thinker's Toolkit while serving as an intelligence analyst with the Central Intelligence Agency.

    Anticipating Surprise: Analysis for Strategic Warning by Cynthia M Grabo

    Grabo (a former intelligence analyst with the U.S. Government) originally wrote A Handbook of Warning Intelligence, first published in the early 1970s as a classified document, for the purpose of training intelligence analysts during the Cold War. That 800-page, three volume manual has here been condensed to provide a description of the "indications methodology" of analysis, said to have correctly forecast the North Korean attack on South Korea in 1950 and the subsequent Chinese intervention. Grabo describes the assessment and measurement of military and political indicators of warning, factors of surprise and deception, and connections between analysis and policy.

    CIA University Studies in Intelligence, and Sherman Kent School of Intelligence Analysis Occasional Papers

    CIA University is pleased to make available this electronic archive of articles and indexes on the profession of intelligence. The articles are taken from CIA’s 50-year old professional journal, Studies in Intelligence, and from a new series of papers produced by the Sherman Kent School of Intelligence Analysis entitled Kent Center Occasional Papers. The archive includes over 600 of the unclassified and declassified articles that have been published in Studies and nine Occasional Papers. As resources permit, more articles will be included in later releases of this index/archive database.

    Interrogator: The story of Hanns Joachim Scharff, Master Interrogator of the Luftwaffe by Raymond F Toliver

    The story of Hanns Scharff, the master interrogator of the Luftwaffe who questioned captured American fighter pilots of the USAAF Eighth and Ninth Air Forces in World War II. This Intelligence Officer gained the reputation as the man who could magically get all the answers he needed from the prisoners of war. In most cases the POWs being interrogated never realized that their words, small talk or otherwise, were important pieces of the mosaic Hanns Scharff was constructing for the benefit of Germany's war effort.

    2005 International Conference on Intelligence Analysis


    Toward a Complex Adaptive Intelligence Community: The Wiki and the Blog by Dr. D. Calvin Andrus

    How the Web Can Relieve Our Information Glut and Get Us Talking to Each Other by Matthew S Burton

    In June 2005, the Director of National Intelligence issued a call for submissions for the second Galileo Awards contest. Intelligence professionals are invited to offer innovative ideas to shape the future of US intelligence. The program is designed to tap into the wealth of talent and ideas that reside at all levels of seniority and responsibility in the Intelligence Community.

    Two articles from among the top entries in last year’s inaugural running of the program— modified slightly and updated— are included in this issue of Studies, beginning here.

    George C. Marshall European Center for Strategic Studies - Terrorism Reference Library 2006

    What To Do When Traditional Models Fail by Carmen A Medina

    CIA Studies in Intelligence VOL. 46, NO. 3, 2002 UNCLASSIFIED EDITION

    Wanted: A Definition of "Intelligence" by Michael Warner

    CIA Studies in Intelligence VOL. 46, NO. 3, 2002 UNCLASSIFIED EDITION

    Supporting US Foreign Policy in the Post 9/11 World by Richard N Haass

    CIA Studies in Intelligence VOL. 46, NO. 3, 2002 UNCLASSIFIED EDITION

    Ways To Make Analysis Relevant But Not Prescriptive by Fulton T Armstrong

    CIA Studies in Intelligence VOL. 46, NO. 3, 2002 UNCLASSIFIED EDITION

    The Challenge for the Political Analyst by Martin Peterson

    CIA Studies in Intelligence VOL. 47, NO. 1, 2003 UNCLASSIFIED EDITION

    Failing to Keep Up With the Information Revolution by Bruce Berkowitz

    CIA Studies In Intelligence VOL. 47, NO. 1, 2003 UNCLASSIFIED EDITION

    Body of Secrets by James Bamford

    To outsiders, its initials once stood for No Such Agency. To its employees, they stood for Never Say Anything. Today the NSA, which is responsible for eavesdropping on the rest of the world and breaking foreign crypto systems, is the nation's largest, most hidden, and most important intelligence agency. While hundreds of books have been written on the far smaller and more familiar CIA, only one previous book—James Bamford's The Puzzle Palace—has ever penetrated the National Security Agency. With the publication of his new book, Body of Secrets, many are saying that the agency's initials now stand for Not Secret Anymore.

    Body of Secrets takes the reader into a world few have ever seen. It is a world where computer systems are measured by the acre. Where massive listening posts, like moon-bases, eavesdrop on foreign governments and terrorists—including suspected bomber Osama bin Ladin talking over the telephone to his mother. Where crewmembers on risky eavesdropping missions fly close to hostile lands, and sometimes never return. In his new book, James Bamford, for the first time, explores the vital role played by America's eavesdroppers and codebreakers during the tension-filled years of the Cold War. He also looks into whether the new telecommunications revolution is causing NSA to suddenly go deaf. And he addresses the issue of Echelon, the worldwide NSA operation that, many charge, is illegally eavesdropping on innocent citizens. Finally, he takes his readers on the first tour of the NSA's hidden, city-size complex, nicknamed Crypto City, and introduces them to the unique men and women who occupy that shadowy land.

    Chatter (Video) by Robert Baer

    FM 34-3 Intelligence Analysis

    FM 34-130 Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield

    FM 2-22.3 HUMINT Collector Operations

    Supersedes FM 34-52 Intelligence Interrogation

    (U) FM 2-22.401 Multi-Service Tactics, Techniques and Procedures for Technical Intelligence Operations
    (U) FM 3-90.15 Sensitive Site Operations

    Joint Publications: Operations Series 3-0

    JP 3-05.1Joint Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Joint Special Operations Task Force Operations
    JP 3-05.2, Joint Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Special Operations Targeting and Mission Planning
    JP 3-60 Joint Doctrine for Targeting
    JP 3-13.3 Operations Security
    JP 3-55 Doctrine for Reconnaissance, Surveilance and Target Acquisition Support for Joint Operations
    Commanders Handbook for Joint Battle Damage Assessement

    Joint Publications: Intelligence Series 2-0

    JP 2-01 Joint and National Intelligence Support to Military Operations
    JP 2-01.1, Joint Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Intelligence Support to Targeting
    JP 2-01.3 Joint Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Joint Intelligence Preparation of the Battle Space
    JP 2-01.4 Joint Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Geospatial Information and Service Support to Joint Operations
    JP 2-0 Dcotrine for Intelligence Support to Joint Operations

    Intelligence in the Internet Era by A. Denis Clift

    CIA Studies in Intelligence VOL. 47, NO. 3, 2003

    Center of Gravity Analysis by LtCol Michael Bowman

    The center of gravity is defined as the foundation of capability – what Clausewitz called the “hub of all power and movement, on which everything depends … the point at which all our energies should be directed.” This Strategic Research Project uses knowledge engineering and artificial intelligence techniques to identify and describe the background knowledge, concepts, information, and scenarios that would be required to create intelligent agents that would conduct center of gravity analysis. The paper explores the possibility of intelligent agents being used by strategic decision makers to assist in the determination of the center of gravity for a force. If this can be done, it will be a significant step in achieving information superiority and will have a profound impact on joint operational capabilities.

    FM 2-0 Intelligence

    FM 7-15 The Army Universal Task List for the Intelligence Battlefield Operating (BOS) System

    Reducing Analytic Error: Integrating Methodologists into Teams of Substantive Experts by Rob Johnston

    Studies in Intelligence, Vol. 47, No. 1, 2003

    The Big Difference Between Intelligence and Evidence by Bruce Berkowitz

    This opinion article appeared in the Washington Post on February 2, 2003.

    Bruce Berkowitz is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution and a senior analyst at RAND.

    Clausewitzian Friction and Future War by Barry D. Watts

    Institute of National Strategic Studies

    Barry D. Watts is a senior fellow at the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments

    The National Intelligence Director and Intelligence Analysis

    The 9/11 Commission, made a number of recommendations to improve the quality of intelligence analysis. A key recommendation was the establishment of a Director of National Intelligence (DNI) position to manage the national intelligence effort and serve as the principal intelligence adviser to the president. Although the Commission did not address the future role of specific analytical entities, such as the National Intelligence Council (NIC) which prepares National Intelligence Estimates, Congress is currently considering legislation that addresses the issue of the extent of the DNI’s analytical responsibilities. Intelligence reform legislation, including S. 2845 and H.R. 10, would place the National Intelligence Council under the DNI, making the DNI responsible for coordinating community-wide intelligence estimates. Some observers believe that this will complicate a position that has essentially managerial responsibilities. This report will be updated as new information becomes available.

    Developing a Taxonomy of Intelligence Analysis Variables by Rob Johnston

    CIA Studies in Intelligence VOL. 47, NO. 3, 2003 UNCLASSIFIED EDITION

    The History and Lessons of Intelligence Failure

    Dr. Tom O'Connor, North Carolina Wesleyan College

    The National Security Strategy of the United States of America

    The Future of American Intelligence, Edited by Peter Berkowitz

    These essays from a diverse group of distinguished contributors deepen our understanding of the new national security threats posed by terrorism, by the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, and by the spread of Islamic extremism. They examine the obstacles to making U.S. intelligence more capable and offer recommendations for effective reform.

    National Strategy for Combating Terrorism

    The Age of Sacred Terror by Former director and senior director for counterterrorism, National Security Council: Daniel Benjamin and Steven Simon

    Winner of the 2004 Arthur Ross Book Award from the Council on Foreign Relations

    From two of the world’s foremost experts on the new terrorism comes the deļ¬nitive book on the rise of al-Qaeda and America’s efforts to combat the most innovative and dangerous terrorist group ever. Daniel Benjamin and Steven Simon trace the growth of radical Islam from its medieval origins and, drawing on their years of counter-terrorism work at the National Security Council, provide essential insights into the thinking of Usama bin Laden and his followers. With unique authority, they analyze why America was unable to defend itself against this revolutionary threat on September 11, 2001, why bin Laden’s apocalyptic creed is gaining ground in the Islamic world, and what the United States must do to stop the new terror.

    The U.S. Intelligence Community 5th Ed. by Jeffrey T. Richelson

    This book provides a detailed overview of America’s vast intelligence empire—its organizations, its operations (from spies on the ground to satellites thousands of miles in space), and its management structure. Relying on a multitude of sources, including hundreds of official documents, it provides an up-to-date picture of the U.S. intelligence community that will provide support to policymakers and military operations into the next century.

    Teaching Intelligence: Getting Started by John Macartney

    Originally prepared for the 1999 Convention of the International Studies Association (ISA), held in Washington, DC, Feb 17-20, 1999. Condensed and updated for the Joint Military Intelligence College sponsored Conference on the Teaching of Intelligence, 18 June 1999. Contents of This Paper:

    • What is Intelligence?
    • Approaches to Teaching Intelligence
    • Ignorance, Conspiracies & James Bond
    • Topics to Cover
    • Books & Course Materials
    • Lessons Learned: My Experience
    • Attachment A: My Course at AU
    • Attachment B: Putting Intelligence into Foreign Policy Courses
    • Attachment C: Getting Yourself Up to Speed on Intelligence
    • Attachment D: Case Studies

    The Crisis of Islam: Holy War and Unholy Terror, by Bernard Lewis

    This timely book examines the historical roots of the resentments that dominate the Islamic world and that all too often have manifested themselves in acts of terrorism. Expanded from an award-winning New Yorker article, The Crisis of Islam looks at the theological origins of political Islam and takes the reader through the rise of militant Islam in Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and Iran, examining the impact of radical Wahhabi proselytizing, and Saudi oil money, on the rest of the Islamic world. The Crisis of Islam ranges widely across 13 centuries of history, but in particular it charts the key events of the 20th century leading up to the violent confrontations of today: the creation of the state of Israel, the Cold War, the Iranian revolution, the defeat of the Soviet Union in Afghanistan, the Gulf War, and 9/11. While hostility toward the West has a long and varied history in the lands of Islam, its current concentration on America is new. So too is the cult of the suicide bomber. Brilliantly disentangling the crosscurrents of Middle Eastern history from the rhetoric of its manipulators, author Bernard Lewis helps the reader understand the increasingly dogmatic rejection of modernity by many in the Muslim world in favor of a return to a sacred past. The Crisis of Islam is essential reading for anyone who wants to know what Osama bin Laden represents and why his murderous message resonates so widely in the Islamic world.

    For getting into the mind of the radical Islamist, for achieving a greater cultural understanding of an insidious and relentless foe, this concise, eye-opening book is a must-read in the post-9/11 world.

    Thinking In Time: The Uses of History for Decision Makers by Richard E. Neustadt

    Both in government and in the private sector, decision makers use history every day, drawing on the past experiences of other people. They assign aides bits and pieces of historical research: going to the files or checking memories and comparing recollections. They look at a great many words on paper. A former high official told the co-authors of this book, “Although the public impression is that Presidents and Secretaries of State have no time to read or think, the truth is that most of them spend an enormous amount of time reading material generated both in the government and outside.” But the uses currently made of history can be more reflective and systematic, and thus more helpful. This book is all about how to do it. Presenting stories of success and failure the authors suggest practices which, if made routine, could at least protect against common mistakes. The target audience consists of decision makers and the men and women who work for them as direct or personal staff.

    Rethinking the Principles of War, edited by Anthony D. McIvor

    This cutting-edge work features the fresh thinking of 31 leading authors from a variety of military and national-security disciplines. Following an introduction by Lt. Gen. James Dubik, Commander I Corps, U.S. Army, the anthology first considers the general question of whether there is a distinctly American way of war. Dr. Colin Gray’s opening essay, “The American Way of War: Critique and Implications,” provides a state-of-the-question perspective. Sections on Operational Art (wherein writers address the issues in both conventional and small wars), Stability and Reconstruction, and Intelligence complete the volume. Among the well-known contributors are Robert Scales, Mary Kaldor, Ralph Peters, William Nolte, Jon Sumida, Grant Hammond, Milan Vego, Paulette Risher, Antulio Echevarria, and T.X. Hammes. The anthology is part of a larger “Rethinking the Principles of War” project, sponsored by the Office of Force Transformation and the U.S. Navy, re-examining traditional and unorthodox approaches to the future of warfare.

    Keeping Pace with the Revolution in Military Affairs: Operation Iraqi Freedom and the Challenge to Intelligence by William Nolte, Deputy Assistant Director of Central Intelligence for Analysis and Production

    Deep Web Research Resources and Sites

    The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order by Samuel P. Huntington

    Summary: World politics is entering a new phase, in which the great divisions among humankind and the dominating source of international conflict will be cultural. Civilizations-the highest cultural groupings of people-are differentiated from each other by religion, history, language and tradition. These divisions are deep and increasing in importance. From Yugoslavia to the Middle East to Central Asia, the fault lines of civilizations are the battle lines of the future. In this emerging era of cultural conflict the United States must forge alliances with similar cultures and spread its values wherever possible. With alien civilizations the West must be accommodating if possible, but confrontational if necessary. In the final analysis, however, all civilizations will have to learn to tolerate each other.

    Samuel P. Huntington interview

    Poverty, Political Freedom, and the Roots of Terrorism by Alberto Abadie: Harvard University and NBER


    This article provides an empirical investigation of the determinants of terrorism at the country level. In contrast with the previous literature on this subject, which focuses on transnational terrorism only, I use a new measure of terrorism that encompasses both domestic and transnational terrorism. In line with the results of some recent studies, this article shows that terrorist risk is not signifcantly higher for poorer countries, once the effects of other country-specific characteristics such as the level of political freedom are taken into account. Political freedom is shown to explain terrorism, but it does so in a non-monotonic way: countries in some intermediate range of political freedom are shown to be more prone to terrorism than countries with high levels of political freedom or countries with highly authoritarian regimes. This result suggests that, as experienced recently in Iraq and previously in Spain and Russia, transitions from an authoritarian regime to a democracy may be accompanied by temporary increases in terrorism. Finally, the results suggest that geographic factors are important to sustain terrorist activities.

    Intelligence Analysis: A Target-Centric Approach, 3rd Edition by Robert M. Clark

    As Americas enemies have changed and evolved, the American intelligence community has been forced to find more effective methods of managing intelligence analysis. Old hierarchical models of collection and analysis must give way to horizontal, networked solutions. In Intelligence Analysis, Robert M. Clark explains that a collaborative, target-centric approach allows for more effective analysis, while better meeting customer needs.

    The new third edition has been comprehensively revised to reflect changes in the constantly shifting landscape of intelligence. With new examples throughout, Intelligence Analysis now includes discussions of framing effects, human terrain models, cyber collection, computer network exploitation, and more. Further, a new section on the defense analysis challenge clarifies the relationship between the analyst and the customer. Once again, Clark has updated the practical information and day-to-day details as only an experienced hand could, bringing essential clarity and insight to this must-have resource.

    Boyd's OODA Loop

    "In order to win, we should operate at a faster tempo or rhythm than our adversaries--or, better yet, get inside [the] adversary's Observation-Orientation-Decision-Action time cycle or loop. ... Such activity will make us appear ambiguous (unpredictable) thereby generate confusion and disorder among our adversaries--since our adversaries will be unable to generate mental images or pictures that agree with the menacing as well as faster transient rhythm or patterns they are competing against." - Colonel John Boyd, USAF - The Mind of War: John Boyd and American Security

    Imperial Hubris: Why the West Is Losing the War on Terror by Michael Scheuer, former head of the CIA’s Bin Laden Unit

    Though U.S. leaders try to convince the world of their success in fighting al Qaeda, one anonymous member of the U.S. intelligence community would like to inform the public that we are, in fact, losing the war on terror. Further, until U.S. leaders recognize the errant path they have irresponsibly chosen, he says, our enemies will only grow stronger.

    According to the author, the greatest danger for Americans confronting the Islamist threat is to believe—at the urging of U.S. leaders—that Muslims attack us for what we are and what we think rather than for what we do. Blustering political rhetoric “informs” the public that the Islamists are offended by the Western world’s democratic freedoms, civil liberties, inter-mingling of genders, and separation of church and state. However, although aspects of the modern world may offend conservative Muslims, no Islamist leader has fomented jihad to destroy participatory democracy, for example, the national association of credit unions, or coed universities.

    Instead, a growing segment of the Islamic world strenuously disapproves of specific U.S. policies and their attendant military, political, and economic implications. Capitalizing on growing anti-U.S. animosity, Osama bin Laden’s genius lies not simply in calling for jihad, but in articulating a consistent and convincing case that Islam is under attack by America. Al Qaeda’s public statements condemn America’s protection of corrupt Muslim regimes, unqualified support for Israel, the occupation of Iraq and Afghanistan, and a further litany of real-world grievances. Bin Laden’s supporters thus identify their problem and believe their solution lies in war. Anonymous contends they will go to any length, not to destroy our secular, democratic way of life, but to deter what they view as specific attacks on their lands, their communities, and their religion. Unless U.S. leaders recognize this fact and adjust their policies abroad accordingly, even moderate Muslims will join the bin Laden camp.

    Intelligence Analyst Resources

    Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004

    US Defense and Intelligence Abbreviations and Acronyms

    More ...

    Intelligence Essentials for Everyone by Lisa Krizan

    Occassional Paper Number Six, Joint Military Intelligence College

    The Psychology of Intelligence Analysis by Richards J. Heuer, Jr.

    More... The Critical Thinking Community

    Critical Thinking and Intelligence Analysis. DIA Occasional Paper #14

    Developing Thinking Skills: Critical Thinking at the Army Management Staff College
    Critical Thinking for the Military Professional
    Thinking Critically about Critical Thinking: A Fundamental Guide for Strategic Leaders
    Critical Thinking on the Web

    List of Cognitive Biases
    Fallacies by Dr. Michael C. Labossiere

    Intelligence Reading Primer

    The Intelligence Officer’s Bookshelf

    Intelligence Collection Disciplines

    An Overview of the Unites States Intelligence Community

    Office of the Director of National Intelligence

    Central Intelligence Agency

    Defense Intelligence Agency
    National Security Agency
    National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
    National Reconnaissance Office

    US Army Intelligence and Security Command

    Office of Naval Intelligence
    Marine Corps Intelligence Activity

    Air Intelligence Agency
    National Air and Space Intelligence Center

    Department of Homeland Security
    United States Coast Guard

    Drug Enforcement Administration
    Department of Energy
    Federal Bureau of Investigation
    Department of State
    Department of the Treasury

    Center for the Study of Intelligence

    Studies in Intelligence

    Network-Centric Warfare: Its Origin and Future

    Network-Centric Warfare: Its Origin and Future
    By Vice Admiral Arthur K. Cebrowski, U.S. Navy, and John J. Garstka
    Proceedings, January 1998

    The Pentagon's New Map by Thomas P. M. Barnett

    The Pentagon's New Map - Thomas P.M. Barnett

    Show me where globalization is thick with network connectivity, financial transactions, liberal media flows, and collective security, and I will show you regions featuring stable governments, rising standards of living, and more deaths by suicide than murder. These parts of the world I call the Functioning Core, or Core. But show me where globalization is thinning or just plain absent, and I will show you regions plagued by politically repressive regimes, widespread poverty and disease, routine mass murder, and "most important" the chronic conflicts that incubate the next generation of global terrorists. These parts of the world I call the Non-Integrating Gap, or Gap.

    The Intelligence Cycle

    Planning/Tasking - Collection - Processing - Analysis - Dissemination